Make A Good Ceiling For Your Living Room

How to Efficiently Install Ceiling Medallions

What Are Ceiling Medallions?

Ceiling medallions are decorative disks that are attached to the base of a ceiling lighting fixture. These ceiling additions are generally circular and  include floral patterns, flowing curves and other decorative features.

Originally (from the early 1700s through the early 1900s), ceiling medallions were used for mainly safety reasons as they protected ceilings from candle burns. They were especially loved by the Victorians who cherished a ceiling medallions deep relief patterns and detailed ornate features. While they were once used for practical purposes, today they serve a decorative role.  

Gather Tools and Equipment

Before you get to work, you’ll need to select a ceiling medallion that works with the room. Choose one that’s the right size compared to the total square footage of the space, ideally with a ratio of about 1-7. If you aren’t sure whether the medallion you’ve been eyeing will work with the space, try creating a paper or a cardboard cutout and testing it out in the room. The ceiling height can affect how well a medallion fits the space, so don’t hesitate to go bigger in a room with high ceilings.

Once you’ve decided on the perfect decorative element, take a few minutes to gather all the tools and equipment necessary for this DIY project. You’ll need the following:

What You Need

  • Polyurethane ceiling medallion
  • Wire nuts
  • Drill and large bit
  • Drywall saw
  • Sandpaper
  • Long threaded bolt (optional)
  • Paint for touch-up and finish
  • Adhesive caulk
  • Trim-head screws

Find out how to install a ceiling medallion in six simple steps.

Step 1: Remove and Clean

Shut off the power to the light that you’re removing and take down the fixture. Cover all wire ends with wire nuts. Thoroughly level and clean the ceiling where you will hang the medallion.

Step 2: Measure Medallion Hole

If your ceiling medallion doesn’t have a hole, you’ll need to create one for the light fixture. That hole will allow you to pull the light fixture’s electrical wiring through, but it should be small enough to hide the wiring. Measure the light fixture’s cover plate, and transfer that measurement to your medallion. Draw a second circle approximately 1/2 inch smaller inside the first circle. This is the hole you’ll to cut.

Step 3: Cut Medallion Hole

Using a large bit, drill a hole in the center of the medallion to provide access for the drywall saw. Insert the drywall saw into the drilled hole and cut along the small circle you just drew. Sand the hole edges smooth. Then check that the light fixture’s threaded bolt is long enough to reach past the ceiling medallion. Use a longer threaded bolt if it’s not.

Step 4: Prep Medallion

Paint or finish the medallion as desired. Apply adhesive caulk to the back of the ceiling medallion; center and attach to the ceiling.

Step 5 : Caulk Around the Medallion

After you’ve placed the medallion, you’ll need to touch up both the decorative element and the ceiling. First, apply a small amount of caulk on top of each screw, and allow the caulk to dry. Next, check for exposed areas between the ceiling and the medallion. If you noticed any, apply a bead of caulk all the way around the medallion to eliminate voids. Be sure to smooth the caulk after application. When the caulk over the screws has dried, paint over it to create a flawless surface on the face of the medallion. Use the paint to touch up any additional areas on the medallion or on the ceiling.

Step 6: Secure Light Fixture

Reattach the light fixture. Turn the power back on.

There is a common opinion that exists that ceiling medallions, as well as other decorative architectural elements in the room, have to be painted white. This point of view is not always correct. You should coordinate colors of the ceiling medallions and other decorative architectural embellishments with the overall color theme of the room.

If ceiling medallions are used in traditional decor, the details can be highlighted in a tone down paint, creating a subtle tone-on-tone effect. An interesting effect can be achieved on the ceiling medallions that are molded in deep relief using a “dry brush” technique when you go over base color with dry brash using deeper color.

If you want to achieve a bolder effect, you can highlight ceiling medallions design with gold, bronze, silver, or brass paint. If ceiling medallion is used along with a lighting fixture, the decision of the metallic paint choice should be based on the kind of finish metal part of the chandelier or other lighting fixture has.

Faux finishing of ceiling medallions and other architectural elements now is very popular. Ceiling medallions can be faux finished using an antiquing technique, or they can be finished to look like wood, stone, leather, or even fabric.

Ceiling Medallions Finishes

Verdigris

Metals such as bronze, copper, brass, steel, and lead naturally tarnish and corrode with time. Verdigris is an excellent finish for creating the illusion of distressed metal or oxidized copper. Faux verdigris imparts an aura of antiquity to architectural details and ceiling medallions. 

Applying this technique to a ceiling medallion is a great way to complement a chandelier or lantern which has this “rustic” detail applied or has naturally tarnished with time.

Metallic Finish

Allow this distinctive and fashionable finish to be the center of attention in any room. Using all architectural products, you can design and compliment a complete room using this bold technique. 

Make your job of finishing even more effortless by not having to worry about pre-treating or priming any of our ceiling medallions before you begin. This technique fits any style of decor, from contemporary to antique applique.

Stenciling

Stenciling offers a quick and simple way to add pattern to any painted surface. Apply decorative stencils to ceiling medallions to complement and accent any room. Precut stencils are available in myriad styles – the options range from traditional Early American to sophisticated to whimsical. 

With typical stenciling folk art form, you can match any of our architectural products. Tie your entire room together from your rug right through to your furniture.

Decoupage

Decoupage, derived from the French word “decouper,” meaning to cut out, is the creative art of pasting, assembling and varnishing paper cutouts for accenting objects.

Combine this wonderful detailing and whimsical finishing option with other methods to create an even more unique effect. The decoupage artist is limited only by his or her imagination.

Marbleizing

Faux marbling brings out the lavish details of the ceiling medallions. Create an elegant feel by marbleizing your ceiling medallions to match your floor or to create a conversation piece which draws the attention of your guests..

Marble is an intricate pattern stone. Re-creating it requires some skill and judgment but is not as challenging as you might think. Remember, base coats are easily applied directly to any of our ceiling medallions because of their pre-finished treatment..

How to Choose the Right Ceiling Medallion

Choosing the right ceiling medallion for your room involves considering both the size proportions and the decorating style of your room.

Sizing Considerations

When choosing a ceiling medallion for your home, numbers play an important role, since the proportions of the medallion must be in the proper ratio to the room size.

Here’s how to choose the correct size:

Measure the width and length of the room.

Multiply the numbers to get the square footage of the room.

Divide the number by 7. This number is the proper diameter in inches of your ceiling medallion.

This is not a hard and fast rule since the size of the light fixture also plays a role. Generally speaking, aim at sizing the medallion so it is roughly the same diameter as the chandelier. But in very ornate rooms with lots of trim moldings, the medallion can be larger in diameter than the chandelier. In smaller, plainer rooms, it’s appropriate to size the medallion so its diameter is less than that of the light fixture.

Style Considerations

While medallions are in general most appropriate for large, ornate rooms, within that general recommendation you have dozens of options—from simple disc medallions that are well-suited for Colonial-style homes to intricately shaped designs that work best in homes with the feel of an Italian villa or French chateau.

Designers usually recommend using the shape and style of other room elements to help guide your choice of ceiling medallion. Crown moldings and chair rail moldings, in particular, may give you clues as to the best patterns for a ceiling medallion. Remember that the medallion is an architectural feature and should be matched to the style of the room. If the other moldings or trim work in the room have identifiable motifs, try to match these in your ceiling medallion.

Tips To Find The Best Post Construction Cleaning

Post Construction Cleaning For Your New Home Or Office

MOVE DUST BECAUSE YOU CAN MOVE

Have you just completed a home improvement project and found yourself in a mess? Home construction can be quite stressful without having to deal with the post-work chaos it leaves behind. A post-construction cleaning service will help your house make the transition from a construction site to a guesthouse.

They offer a variety of services and programs that can conquer all your post-construction needs. Be it a quick cleaning or a more detailed, thorough cleaning, their cleaning experts have the experience, equipment and processes that will make your home look like nothing has happened.

Some of their services include:

  • Clean the dust, dirt, stains, and blisters from the wall
  • Clean all surfaces, wood and equipment, including ceiling fans
  • Clean trim, baseboard, window frame and door frame
  • Clean the brick interior
  • Remove the sticker from the window and glass
  • Clean window curtains, inner cabinets, and inner cabinets
post construction cleanup for your residence

Post Construction Cleaning Process

Just as no two construction jobs are the same, no two cleaning jobs are either. Therefore, most services change their process to best meet your needs. However, there are generally some guidelines that they follow.

This may include a rough clean, which takes place during the construction before the finish work is complete. This can include cleaning plywood 2 or concrete floors prior to the new flooring going down or scrubbing walls and preparing surfaces. Some rough cleans also are done at the end of construction and involve the removal of any trash, debris, or hazardous substances. Not every construction clean needs a rough clean, but many do to some degree.

The interior finish clean is next and, generally, involves cleaning all surfaces in and around the construction zone. This includes vacuuming and dusting all surfaces, such as baseboards, the interiors and tops of cabinets, and furnishings. Bathrooms, countertops, and cabinets are all cleaned from top to bottom. If your service includes windows, these are thoroughly washed as well. Caulk 3 and sealants are usually checked and may be cleaned if spills occurred.

Sometimes an external finish clean is also included. This involves cleaning the exteriors of windows, removing things like nails or debris from around the home, and making sure that all caulk 3 and paint is cleaned up and finished. If you only had interior work done, this phase may not be necessary.

THE POST-CONSTRUCTION CLEANING CHECKLIST

  • Cleaning mountains of dust
  • Cleaning interior glass
  • Cleaning the lights
  • Cleaning and dusting the vents
  • Spot cleaning walls
  • Cleaning cabinets
  • Vacuuming carpets
  • Comprehensive mopping
  • Cleaning and polishing restroom fixtures
  • Cleaning up construction debris

After the Dust Settles: 10 Tips on Post Construction Cleaning

Whether it is your plan to remodel a retail space, building a new home, or finally building your own commercial property from the bottom up, nothing is better than that “final day” of construction.

1) Dealing with all of the contractor leftovers

What a mess. It looks impossible, doesn’t it? The first step is a serious session of trash patrol. There is lumber, drywall, and garbage everywhere. Take a walk around and notice both the interior and exterior areas. Keep your eyes open for plastic tarps, tape, drop cloths and construction supplies like nails, screws, staples, bolts, etc. The crews aren’t trying to make your life difficult by making a huge mess, but still, be prepared to pick up a lot of trash and debris during this first step of post construction cleaning.

2) Hard floors – making them presentable again with post construction cleaning

Inspect the floors. You’re going to be appalled, but don’t worry. It can be cleaned. All construction work is messy and the flooring seems to always take the brunt of the mess. Check them for any damage, then start mopping, waxing, polishing and buffing. If you should run across any wood damage, get back with the contractor and ask for it to be repaired.

3) Rescuing your carpets from traffic, dirt, and grime

Carpet fibers will trap all of the fine wooden splinters and all of the dust. That’s not to mention the smell. You will need to use an industrial shop vacuum to get the grounded dirt and other objects out. After a good vacuum, shampooing will be in order. Steam cleaning might even be necessary. Be sure and allow for all the treated carpets to thoroughly dry before they are reopened to any foot traffic.

4) Walls and baseboards

The walls and baseboards are going to get hit and scratched during construction. There’s no way to avoid it. Crews use heavy tools and equipment that can cause minor dents, dings, and bruises. Check for this kind of unavoidable damage. It will need to be patched and repainted. Once you have addressed these concerns, clean the walls completely and give the baseboards a cleaning with a dishwasher detergent and water mixture. Use a Magic Eraser pencil for wooden surface scars.

5) Windows and mirrors

Neither you or your customers want to look at dirty windows. Dingy windows and mirrors look awful and it’s terrible for business. To restore window glass and mirror shine, use a heavy-duty glass cleaning product. Begin at the top and work down, and then be ready to rinse. You will probably have to repeat this process several times. For a great finish, let your last step be with dry cloth and polish.

6) Lighting – getting the shine back

You will start to wonder how the powdery dust got on everything. The lights and bulbs will be filthy. The dust film will actually reduce efficiency and produce an unpleasant smell. Be sure to turn off the electricity before cleaning light bulbs with a dry, soft cloth.

7) Cabinets, drawers, and closets

It’s so easy to overlook closets and drawers because they are closed most of the time. But you better believe the construction mess is in there too. And whatever you have stored is going to be dirty now, as well. Inspect all of your closets, cabinets, and drawers – and use a flashlight. Be prepared to clean the floors, walls and synthetic materials.

8) HVAC and interior systems

The HVAC system in your home is designed to pick up dust and dirt that is airborne. Construction activity certainly has caused a lot of that, and your HVAC is working overtime to keep up. Change the filters now. If your ductwork needs cleaned, hire it done professionally, as it is a big job. By hiring it done, you will get the entire HVAC tuned up and all registers and vents will be free of any impediments.

9) Sidewalks and driveways

What’s the old saying about “first impressions?” Your driveway, sidewalks, and entries are your guest’s first impression – whether it be your friends and family or customers and business associates. Make certain that your sidewalks are swept and you have gotten rid of any leftover building materials. Power wash the driveway and all exterior walkways. Dirt, sand, and gravel have accumulated throughout the project, and removing it will make a big difference.

10) Details and the final post construction cleaning touches

You’re getting close now. It’s finally time to put the final touches on this cleanup project. Polish the doorknobs, dust the window frames, outlets and switches, and vacuum all debris from sliding door tracks. Have a variety of sponges handy for this final stage. Let the fine tuning begin.

Why Your Should Hire Post Construction Cleaning After Your Home Project

Whether you have been remodeling a series of rooms, or have been building a brand new house, you should feel very happy and relieved that the herculean task is almost over. But, just as you think you are finished with this project, you also have to clean your home of any debris, which is another task that is much harder than it sounds. If your construction or renovation services did not include post construction clean up in their estimate, you are left to clean all the debris up by yourself, when you just want to finally conclude the project and start to live in peace.

But do not panic, as this can be a job for the best construction cleaner. Yes, you can leave the final job to a team of specialists that can clean your house or yard of excess dirt, rubble, garbage, disposables, or other irregularities. Here are some good reasons to consider hiring a specialty construction cleaning crew to take care of your post construction cleaning.

They give your house or room a great first impression.

If you decide to clean all the rubble on your own, you might not have the will or the resources to do a thorough job. When you show family members to the house or room at first, it may look rough and gritty. The best construction cleaner could change that, leaving the new rooms of your home flawless and truly flattering the people that you show your new home to.

They make your home look clean.

Your need home or room may look nice, but it will still smell quite like dirt and cement. When your home is finished, your home is likely to be filled with particles of dust and dirt that are not only on the floor, but in the very air that you are breathing, and it is almost a guarantee that you do not have the resources to clean this air yourself. Not only can post construction cleaning services clean rooms throughout your home, but they can also disinfect your home from germs and pest infestations.

They make your home inviting.

Nobody wants to wake up in the morning to a pile of garbage lying around the floor or yard. Not only do you not want to handle it all, but also it just does not stimulate any positive feelings towards you and other family members. Wouldn’t you rather wake up to a clean, new home or remodeled room with no further actions to take? You can hire a post construction cleaning crew to handle this for you, and you will feel great that you have done so.

They give you a great piece of mind.

Not only is the room not capable of looking as beautiful as designed, but having to live in a new house or room full of dirt and debris can be stressful. A post construction cleaning crew can do the work while you are free to do other important tasks at home or work, saving you a lot of time.

They make your home convenient to live in.

When you live in a new home or room for the first time, it may be tough for you to find anything in its proper place. It may take a number of days for the thing that you are looking for to turn up, due to al of the work that has been done. Post construction cleaning crews can help you put things in their right place, so you do not have to end up searching for it when you need it the most.

The Best Tips To Make A Good Care Of Possums

EXPERT TIPS FOR TRAPPING AN OPOSSUM

GET RID OF POSSUMS: HOW TO TRAP AN OPOSSUM

Opossum traps come in a variety of sizes and styles. Possum trapping tips include placing traps wherever you’ve seen signs of their activity, such as burrowing. Before setting a trap, always check with your local game commission to ensure you’re allowed to trap in your area. Also, avoid trapping during early spring and summer to prevent separating babies and mamas.

BAITING POSSUM TRAPS WITH THE BEST BAIT FOR POSSUMS AND OTHER OPOSSUM BAITING TIPS

Although they aren’t particularly finicky eaters, the best possum bait is fish or apples. Baiting opossum traps with canned pet food also works well. While there are differences of opinion as to the best bait for opossums, all professional trappers agree, the smellier the better. (No, your old sneakers won’t do the trick!) One of the most important opossum baiting tips is to smear the bait in, on and around the trap.

HOW TO DETER POSSUMS

Chicken-wire fence is a good method to ensure you won’t find a possum in your yard. Construct a fence that is four feet high with the top 12 to 18 inches bent outward away from the garden. You can “possum-proof” standard fencing by attaching an electrically charged wire along the top. However, if you’re like most, you’d rather not detract from your landscaping. If you really want to say goodbye to a possum in your garden and in your yard, apply a liquid or granular repellent that targets their sense of smell and taste.

POSSUM TRAPPING TIPS

POSSUM TRAPPING WITH LIVE CAPTURE TRAPS:

These come in two forms, either live capture cage traps or possum leg hold traps. Live capture cage traps are ideal for use near your home or dwelling. These are safe to use in areas where pets or other animals are nearby, as any non-target animals can be released. Cage traps are easy for you to use, simply lift the door and set the trip hook and place bait or possum lure at the far end of the trap. Pestgard large possum cage trap or pro version cage trap are larger than most cage traps available. These are suitable for catching all sizes of possums along with other animal pests.

POSSUM TRAPPING WITH KILL TRAPS:

Possum kill traps have the advantage of killing possums humanely in the trap, this also means they do not have to be checked as regularly as live capture traps. It is not recommended to use kill traps in areas where pets or non target animals may be able to access the trap. Like leg hold traps, possum kill traps are set on or near trees where there is regular possum activity.

possum

How to Trap a Possum: Picking a Possum Trap

What Should be Done to Avoid Catching Opossums Later?

Opossums are small animals, their maximum length is 40 inches and they weigh up to 14 pounds. Possums’ natural habitat is wet and dry forests and fields. They prefer to settle near swamps and rivers in abandoned burrows or hollows. They can also settle among piles or in the attics of abandoned houses, in the basements or under houses.

What Do Entomologists Recommend? 7 Rules of Successful Possum Catching

What should you do if possums actually love your place and irritate you? To rid yourself of unwanted neighborhood you can use: Live Animal Trap, other traps, repellents, guns and simple sticks. Here are some pieces of advice from the scientists to help you to properly trap a possum.

The Best Live Animal Trap to Catch a Possum

Acquiring a high-quality Live Animal Trap, which will allow catching a possum without harming it is the simplest and most humane way of possum trapping. We’ve picked two best traps of all the plenty available.

How to Get Rid Of a Possum: A Detailed Guide about the Methods and Possum Repellents

Know Your Enemy: Possum Facts to Help You Get Rid of Them Effectively

These tiny animals of a size of an adult cat don’t attack people unless they have rabies. Opossums are nocturnal animals, and they feel most comfortable in the dark. Many homeowners have never seen them move around the yard and its surroundings, but they often find evidence of the animals’ presence in the morning. Litter, broken things, gardens, empty feeder for pets, compost heaps or scattered garbage cans can all signal the opossums’ presence.

How do they work?

Repellents affect one of the animal’s senses: scent, taste or hearing. Some repellents have a smell that causes fear, as they smell of natural enemy predator urine. The composition of granular and liquid repellents include predators urine, egg powder, castor oil, garlic and soap, as well as products containing capsaicin (hot pepper extract). The electronic repellers on the other hand repel animals with flashing light, sound or water. In our review, we have selected the best possum repellents of all three types.

What to do if there’s a possum in your roof

Do you have a furry housemate you’d like to evict? Here are four simple and gentle ways to move them along.

Possums are regular visitors to South Australian gardens, especially common brushtail and common ringtail possums. Both are nocturnal, but brushtail possums are about the size of a cat, with bushy black tails, thick grey fur and large ears, while ringtails are also grey, but are smaller, with small ears, and skinny, white-tipped tails.

Possum boxes

Buy or build a possum box or two, and put it in a sheltered spot in your garden at least 4 metres off the ground. Check the boxes regularly to make sure that bees, wasps or pest birds such as starlings have not taken up residence.

Secure the roof

Look carefully for any gaps or holes around the eaves, then wait until dark. When you see the possum leaving the roof, block the gap with wood or chicken mesh.

Install a one-way door

If you’re struggling to see when your possums are leaving the roof or concerned that one will be left behind and become trapped, a pest controller will be able to advise on how to install a one-way door that will let the possums out but not back in.

Possum traps

The first thing to note here is that trapping possums requires a permit. Most councils have wire mesh possum traps you can rent. Put the trap in the roof near the possum’s access point and check it every morning.

Use Wedding Videographer To Make Wedding Memorial

What Should You Look for in a Wedding Videographer?

You may have already decided you’d like to hire a wedding videographer, but there’s still a lot to think about. First, do you want to have your entire day captured on video, or just the ceremony? Are you hoping for a chronological look at your nuptials, or do you prefer a more cinematic film with different parts of the day all mixed together? With varying video styles, personality types, and working styles, you’ll want to be sure you’ve found a videographer who checks all of your boxes. But what exactly should you look for in the pro you choose?

Hire friendly photographers and videographers. 

There is a lot to capture on your wedding day in a short amount of time. Both your photographer and videographer will film the same key scenes: getting ready, first look, ceremony, speeches, reception, etc. Coordination is important, so try to hire a photographer and videographer who have worked together before. This way, they will likely have systems in place to make sure each captures those special moments. Ask your wedding planner for recommendations or have your photographer to suggest a videographer (or the other way around) for a seamless day-of experience.

Find a filmmaker who is comfortable with your venue type.  

Found a filmmaker you love but notice that all of their films take place outdoors and you’re getting married in a ballroom? Raise the question to the filmmaker before you hire them and make sure they’re comfortable shooting in your wedding setting. Request sample films to watch and show them an example of a film you like from your venue (or a similar) and confirm they’re comfortable shooting in similar circumstances.

Understand what’s included in your package.  

As wedding films have increased in popularity, so have the package options and the terminology. Understanding everything that comes in your package will help ensure you aren’t disappointed later. When your filmmaker sends you examples of what comes in your package (Instagram teaser, trailer, full edit, etc.) make sure to really watch each example and be sure it’s the type and amount of coverage you want!

Raw Footage: What is it?

Generally Raw Footage means “unedited footage”.  This can be quite useless to a couple because it will include all the camera movements and sounds that are native to making a film.  When a documentary videographer edits the full ceremony, for example, he takes all these unwanted aspects out and “edits” it in a more appealing way.

For example, the videographer will probably have at least two cameras. One may be “locked off” on a tripod facing the crowd or the altar etc and it will not move for the entire ceremony which could be an hour long. However, this camera may not have any sound because the videographer is using separate sound recorders which have to be synced in editing.  The second camera, the one in the videographers hands will have lots of undesirable footage as he moves from one shot to another whether by re-framing (zooming) or by physically moving.

What Is Their Final Product?

And the last but perhaps most important thing to know is what you should expect for a final product. Of course, you should always make sure to read every contract from your vendors extremely carefully, but that is especially true for something as important as wedding documentation. You need to know what type of video your videographer specializes in. Are they creating more of a feature film of your day with full edits, background music, voice overs, etc.? Are they doing a less-edited, more natural view of your event? Are they only providing you with one full-length film or are they also including a highlight reel for social media sharing? Most of these questions will be apparent in a sampling of their work that you should take time to watch before making your decision, but you can also ask them to describe their work themselves during a consultation.

PACKAGES

From Teasers to Full-Length Documentaries

Here are some of the most popular package options you’re likely to see when hiring a videographer

  • Highlight Film (3-10 min) – With many videographers, the highlight film is the final product you will receive. More commonly, this film is non-linear and takes a more modern approach, where the videographer has truly created a piece of cinematic art out of the events and moments throughout your day.
  • Short Film (10-20 min) – If you decide on a package with a short film, you will receive an edited version of your wedding footage that takes a more linear form, often including a portion of your vows, reception toasts, etc. Depending on how long you book your videographer, the film may also include getting ready footage, first look footage, and grand exit.
  • Same day edit (4-10 min) – Some videographers offer an option to have footage from your wedding edited on the spot and shown during your reception. This can be a fun surprise for guests on the day-of!
  • Full-length documentary (30-90 min) – If you are interested in reliving the majority of your day, this option is for you! Your videographer can create a longer film that includes entire sections of your wedding, like your ceremony. Due to the length, this option is the most like a true movie of your wedding.

Most videographers offer additional options to receive additional footage from your day. A few popular add-ons include: dancing, full edit of ceremony/reception, father/daughter dance etc.

Trick To Make Your Own Trenchless Pipe Replace

Trenchless Pipe Replacement –  Advantages to No Dig Repairs

Trenchless Sewer Repair

Periodically, those underground plumbing lines can become damaged and need to be repaired or replaced. If you notice a sewage smell in your yard or are seeing wet spots on the lawn, you could have a problem with the underground sewer line leading out of your home. Traditionally, repairing one of these pipes would require digging up your yard in order to replace the pipe. Now, fortunately, you have the advantage of a trenchless sewer repair. A certified plumber will be able to assess your concerns and offer viable solutions if any repair is needed.

THE PROS AND CONS OF NO DIG TRENCHLESS SEWER REPAIR TECHNOLOGY

A new no-dig solution has arrived! For the past 15 years, the emergence of the trenchless sewer repair technology has dramatically changed how people perceived pipe repairs and replacements. From new drain installations to clearing clogs to repairing and replacing sewer lines, trenchless services provide the ultimate solution. Sewer line repairs made this way have more advantages to offer!

Pros

Trenchless sewer repair has many benefits over traditional methods:

  • Higher quality

State-of-the-art equipment and superior materials are used by expert plumbers to repair broken sewer pipes. In turn, you end up with an extremely durable pipe system that will not corrode, rust, crack, nor fall apart due to tree root invasions.

  • Greater Time-Efficiency

Expert plumbers can carry out the trenchless sewer pipe lining method in as little as a few hours towards bring your pipes to a new-like condition. You get to save time and spend it on what matters most.

  • Cheaper

Lining sewer pipes save residential and commercial properties up to 75% in costs as compared to replacing the old pipe with a new one. The cost of labor goes down as less hours are needed to complete the trenchless operation. It’s simply the best value out of all the repair methods just about anywhere else.

  • Versatile

You won’t have to worry about your old sewer system being made of traditional materials such as concrete, cast iron, orangeburg or clay. Trenchless CIPP technology works for all kinds of pipes, and presents two repair and replacement options of pipe lining or pipe bursting.

  • Eco-Friendly

You are bound to enjoy big savings in the long run, apart from helping save the planet, by simply opting for an environment-friendly sewer line repair process.

  • No-Dig Technology

The process of trenchless pipe rehabilitation is a no dig solution that makes use of the existing pipe structure, so extensive excavation is no longer needed. Trenchless technology is called as such, simply because creating a trench or a hole in the ground to reach the problem pipe is totally unnecessary.

  • Durable

Pipes lined with epoxy resin can last up to 50 years. It is the most efficient and non-invasive method of repairing your sewer pipes, and arguably the wisest investment that returns numerous benefits.

Con

On the downside, there are rare occasions when it might be already too late to rehabilitate a pipe system using the trenchless method. The sewer line could be irreversibly damaged and corroded to a great extent, leaving even the most knowledgeable and experienced plumbers no choice but to manually dig up trenches to replace the pipes.

BENEFITS OF TRENCHLESS “No Dig” PIPE REPAIR

  1. You Save Money Three Ways – It doesn’t take a full crew of technicians to handle trenchless repairs, so you save on labor costs. You also save the time of master plumbers on the clock because the process is efficient and finishes up much more quickly than traditional techniques. Your new water or sewer line will last for years, and that saves the expense of future repairs.
  2. Downtime Is Significantly Downsized – The time it takes to dig trenches, pull up damaged pipes, lay in replacements and finish the job averages two weeks. All the while, you have to make different living arrangements, and the process can shut down business operations. Trenchless “No Dig” pipe repair only takes one or two days from start to finish, so you return to the house and the office in far less time.
  3. The Landscape Doesn’t Change– Digging up pipe in the yard or around your commercial building means tearing up lawns and uprooting shrubs. It’s a messy job that can ruin grass because sewer line replacements can contaminate surrounding soil and cause long-term turf problems. Trenchless “No Dig” technology spares your landscape’s natural good looks and helps preserve its health. Having to deal with commercial plumbing repair can provide a lot of discomfort for many businesses who rely on getting sales on a daily basis.
  4. Infrastructure Stays Safe and Sound– Excavating pipe under parking lots doesn’t attract customers, and pulverizing the patio doesn’t improve relaxing in the backyard. Traditional replacement techniques pose structural hazards to home and building foundations, but trenchless pipe repairs spare expensive infrastructure like sidewalks, loading docks and commercial driveways.
  5. Trenchless Repairs Rehabilitate Pipes– The trenchless “No Dig” process restores damaged water and sewer lines with special epoxy-treated material that bonds with existing pipe. This proven process creates a barrier that resists cracking and root invasion for years longer than traditional materials. The lining never rusts or accumulates hard water buildup, and it actually improves flow capacity.

Which method of trenchless technology is right for me?

While this question is best answered after your trenchless contractor inspects your drain system, we will provide you with what we see most sensible.

If you have a home built on a slab:

If your sewer is located under a concrete slab, we find cured in place pipe lining is most cost effective. Because pipe lining requires only one access point, it is less disruptive than pipe bursting. If you have connections in the drain line, a pipe liner can be installed right over the connections. After curing the liner, reinstatement cutting tools cut out pinpointed sections of the liner to restore flow to the connecting drains.

If you need a sectional drain repair:

Pipe coating is most cost effective. With the ability to navigate bends and provide pinpointed repairs, pipe coating can be quick and inexpensive.

If you are replacing your underground sewer located outside your property:

Pipe bursting is the preferred choice and typically the most cost effective. With the ability to increase your pipe size and only requiring two access points (provided your drain pipe not have connections in between) pipe bursting can save your property from the irreversible scar excavation may leave behind.

How Trenchless Technology Works

Trenchless pipe repair options are available from our team at Hawaii Drain Pros. Whether you need pipe lining or trenchless pipe bursting, we can be of assistance to you. One option is to install a liner inside the damaged pipe through a single access hole that we will create during the sewer camera inspection that we will conduct in the beginning of our appointment. Once we have inserted the pipe liner, we will pull it and inflate it within the damaged pipe. Once the liner has cured in place, you will have a new pipe within the old damaged pipe. This non-invasive technique is efficient and cost-effective. On the other hand, our pipe bursting method will require two access holes on either side of the sewer line. We will pull a new sewer pipe through the current, albeit damaged one. We will have the old pipe burst outward.

Tips To Choose Electrical Maintenance

Steps for Proper Electrical Maintenance

Remember the golden rule: Safety first

You should never start any home maintenance or repair work without proper preparation and safety tools. When working with electrical items, make sure to unplug the unit or turn off the power to the specific circuit. Don’t forget that water and electricity don’t get along, so make sure to unplug anything electric before cleaning. Never use a metal ladder when performing electrical tasks.

Use electronics accordingly

It’s important to be smart about how you’re using electronics. Avoid plugging in too many things into one circuit, which can overload it and cause a power outage. Be mindful of where you place small appliances and electronics, such as toaster ovens and hair dryers. Make sure they’re not under any vents that could potentially drip on them or are too close to a source of water, such as sinks and showers. Further, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration recommends installing ground-fault circuit interrupters for all of the outlets in wet locations, such as kitchens, bathrooms and laundry rooms. They’re designed to turn off electric power immediately in the event of an incident, which can be a potentially life-saving feature.

Be mindful of plugs, outlets and wires

Treat your plugs kindly and don’t force them to fit into outlets. Don’t try to bend and adjust the prongs, as this could cause an electric shock. Alternatively, if it’s loose inside the outlet, it may be time to replace the cord for a fresh plug. Replace old outlets with new electric sockets with advanced safety features, such as built-in surge protectors. Unplug extension cords when you’re not using them to avoid an electric and fire hazard. When you’re outside, only use cords and electrical items that are specifically for the outdoors.

Schedule routine professional check ups

Electricity can be dangerous, so never hesitate to call a licensed electrician for help. In fact, one of the most important steps in good electrical maintenance is having a professional inspect your system at least once a year. An electrician can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers.

Electrical Safety & Maintenance Tips

  • Consistently tripped breakers (or blown fuses) are an indication of electrical system problems.
  • Flickering or dimming lights are warning signs of an overloaded circuit.
  • A burning odor or a mild shock coming from an outlet are also signs of an overloaded circuit.
  • Make sure that all the breakers or fuses in your breaker box are clearly labeled.
  • Never plug two or more extension cords together.
  • Always check an extension cord for damage before plugging it into an outlet.
  • Only plug one major appliance (refrigerators, washing machines, dishwashers) into a receptacle outlet at a time.
  • All major appliances should be plugged directly into a receptacle outlet.
  • An overreliance of extension cords indicates that there are not enough outlets in your home.
  • Never use a three prong plug in an outlet with only two slots.
  • Never attempt to use an extension cord as permanent wiring.
  • Never use an electrical cord outside that isn’t specifically designated for outdoor use. Indoor cords are not designed to withstand the elements.
  • Extension cords should never be placed underneath rugs or in the path of a heavily trafficked area.
  • If you have toddlers or young children, make sure that you replace all your easily accessed outlets with tamper resistant receptacles.
  • Only use the appropriate wattage bulb for a lighting fixture. An incorrect wattage might start a fire.
  • Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) are required by the National Electrical Code in every room/area where there is a water fixture. Homes built before 1970 might not have GFCIs installed in outlets.
  • Check your home’s outlets for GFCI protection. If the outlets do not contain a red rest button, they have not been replaced with GFCIs.
  • Arc-Fault Interrupters (AFIs) protect against dangerous arc-faults. AFCI Breakers should be installed in your home to combat arc-faults caused by damaged, overheated or stressed wiring.
  • AFCIs should only be installed by licensed electricians.
  • If your home is over 40 years old or has recently had a major addition, renovation or large appliance added it should be inspected by a licensed electrician.

Tips To Maintain Your Electrical Wiring

  • The presence of live current in switch boards and sockets, however mild they might be, can be a sign that your wiring has been exposed to water or is not getting earthed right. If a switch in the washroom or kitchen gives you even a tiny shock when you turn it on and off, chances are that there is an issue.
  • Notice frequent dips in voltage, flickering lights once in awhile or bulbs fusing more often than they should? Definitely a sign of internal electrical wiring damage.
  • Appliances can get damaged by short-circuiting, but there are times when the only sign of the fluctuation or short circuit is through the appliance malfunctioning itself. If your plug sparks when it is in the socket or an adapter heats up and doesn’t work even though the voltage is appropriate, then there could be a problem with the electrical outlet.
  • Each circuit board has a specific limit to the load it can take, but within that limit, the appliances connected to it should function perfectly. If the turning on of the dishwasher or air conditioner causes lights to dip, the circuit may be damaged and unable to take the load.
  • Besides visible signs, make sure that you keep an eye out for open wiring being chewed by rats or raccoons in the attic, or rainwater accumulating around the circuits in the basement. Even though the impact may not be immediate, any noticeable damage to the wires can lead to serious internal havoc.

The far-reaching effects of faulty wiring bring to mind the much used saying ‘better safe than sorry’. A small investment in a professional, DIY check-up of your electrical wiring or getting the home warranty for your home can be imperative to keeping you and your loved ones safe. Repairs are costly and maintenance is no doubt an easier way to prevent future problems, so we bring to you seven simple tips to keep track off and maintain your entire electrical wiring system.

Routine Testing

Mark your calendars and keep a monthly check on your electrical outlets, you can do this by yourself and won’t need any assistance. The testers are inexpensive – you can find them at any home hardware store. A three-prong plug, the tester will have indicator lights on each prong. As you plug the tester into each outlet, the lights indicate any problems with the individual outlet. The earlier you know the problem the easier it is to get it solved and the risk of fire or a greater electrical malfunction is avoided.

Electrical Safety Checklist for Your Home

  • If you have breakers tripping and fuses blowing on a regular basis,it’s time to bring in a professional to inspect your home.
  • Be sure all your circuits are properly grounded. A circuit consists of wires transporting electrical current to your lights and appliances, so properly grounded wiring is connected to a ground wire in your home.
  • All outlets near wet locations such as kitchens, bathrooms, or laundry rooms should be Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI).
  • Water and electricity don’t mix, so unplug any appliance before you wash or wipe it down.
  • If you have children or grandchildren, put protectors in all your outlets or replace them with tamper-resistant outlets, as these outlets are now required by code in all new homes.
  • Replace any frayed wires in your house, as they can potentially cause shocks or fires.
  • Replace all plugs that wobble or fit loosely in the socket.
  • Never force a plug into a socket, and never attempt to adjust a plugs metal prongs to make it fit. Both actions are dangerous!
  • Make sure all plugs and cords are kept a safe distance from heat sources such as radiators or space heaters. Don’t place furniture on top of cords, and don’t run cords under rugs or blankets.
  • Any indication of dimming lights, flickering lights, a sizzling sound, or a burning odor mandate a prompt professional investigation.
  • Never plug a generator directly into your home’s electrical system, as this can unintentionally damage appliances or even put you at risk. Hire an electrician to get it done safety.
  • When outside, only use cords (and items) labeled for outdoor use.
  • Extension cords are a temporary solution. They shouldn’t be used to power home appliances on a permanent basis. Most extension cords aren’t built to handle high-powered items such as air conditioners, refrigerators, or space heaters.
  • Don’t leave extension cords plugged in if they’re not in use, as they can create an electrical or fire hazard.

Why Have Electrical Wiring Maintenance?

Keep Your Home In Good Condition

So to keep your home in the best condition possible, follow these top tips. Not only will you keep your home in better condition for longer, but you can save yourself a few extra pounds on your energy bills. We hope that this article was helpful if it was then why not share on social media?

Replace Don’t Repair

If you find out that you have a problem with your home’s electrics and you’re given the option to replace or repair, we always recommend repairs. Simply because with repairs you can’t always foresee how long the repair is going to last before it becomes faulty again. With a replacement, you are guaranteed a brand new working part that you know is reliable. Sometimes things can be repaired but only for a short amount of time, which is why we always recommend replacing over the repair. Even if it does cost slightly more than a repair, you will save money in the long run on frequent maintenance and repairs, as well as saving on your energy bills.

Have Your Appliances PAT Tested

PAT testing is a legal requirement for all commercial properties, landlords and business owners, each must ensure that all kitchen appliances and other electrical appliances have gone through PAT testing Milton Keynes before they can be used. In the case of a faulty appliance in the workplace that causes injury to yourself or others both the landlord and business owner are liable for not creating a safe environment. Read more about safety at work here.

Don’t Overload Your Electrics

Overloading your electrics is easier than you would think. The worst culprit of this is extensions leads. Extension leads are extremely popular in homes and allow you to give a wire extra length to sit further away or in a different place. Extension leads are commonly plugged into each other while also having other appliances plugged into them.

Never Attempt DIY Electrical Work

Electricity is extremely dangerous and can cause severe injuries if it’s tampered with by someone inexperienced. Always rely on an electrician to carry out any electrical work within your property or commercial building. Qualified electricians are always the safest option, and by tampering with your own electrical wiring, you have the possibility of causing more damage which will end up costing more than an electrician would.

Tips How To Learn About Electrical Wiring

How to Identify Wiring

Service Panel

When you open an outlet, it can be useful to figure out the position of the outlet or switch in the circuit, as well as the function of each wire. This knowledge can help you pinpoint problems and connect wires to the correct terminals when making repairs.

If you can’t find the source of a problem with an outlet, work from that point back to the service panel, troubleshooting each load on the circuit and its connections until you locate the fault.

End-of-Run Outlet

When there’s only one cable entering an outlet box, it means the outlet is the last fixture on the circuit. Power comes from the service panel along the black (hot) wire through other outlets, switches, and light fixtures on the circuit and begins its return to the source through the white (neutral) wire attached to this outlet. The black wire attaches to a brass terminal; the white wire, to a silver terminal.

Middle-of-Run Outlet

Two cables entering an outlet box indicate that the outlet is not the last fixture on a circuit. One of the black wires receives power from the service panel; the other sends it on to other loads on the circuit. The white wires allow current passing through the outlet and the other loads on the circuit to return to the panel.

Electrical Wires

The black wire is the “hot” wire, which carries the electricity from the breaker panel into the switch or light source.

The white wire is the “neutral” wire, which takes any unused electricity and current and sends them back to the breaker panel.

The plain (or it can sometimes be green) wire is the “ground” wire, which will take electricity back to the breaker panel, then outside to a rod that’s buried in the ground. This is to prevent the electricity from running through you!

How to Trace Electrical Wiring in a Wall

If you need to find the wires inside your walls, you’ll probably want a non-invasive way to look for them. After all, without a method to your madness, you’d just be hammering unsightly holes through your drywall in a vain attempt to cross paths with your wires. Instead, there’s a better way: With the right tools and techniques, you can locate, or trace, your wiring without damaging your walls.

Tracing electrical wiring in walls can be tricky, and it involves more than just looking for the wires themselves. To figure out exactly where the wires are, you’ll look f­or the outlets and appliances that each wire connects to. You’ll also figure out which circuit breaker applies to which section of your home’s wiring.

You may be wondering why someone would go through all that trouble just to figure out the locations of wires. Knowing where your wires are can help you make repairs, plan for home improvement projects and even make your home safer. By knowing which outlets are on which circuits, you can decide where to plug in power-hungry appliances without overloading your electrical system. If one of your outlets is on the fritz and you don’t have an electrical blueprint of your home to use as a reference, tracing the wiring can help you figure out exactly where the problem is. If you want to run new wires to a home theater system or other electronics, knowing your current wires’ locations can help cut down on electrical interference, which can lower the quality of your picture and sound. And you’ll definitely need to know where the wires are if you plan to do any renovation or demolition projects to your inside walls. Breaking into a live wire could damage your home and cause serious injury.

Tips for Easier Home Electrical Wiring

Uncoil Cable Without Kinks

Pulling plastic-sheathed cable through holes in the framing is a lot easier if you straighten the cable out first. If you simply pull the cable from the center of the coil, it’ll kink as you pull it through the studs. The trick is to lift a handful of coils (four loops will reach about 12 ft.) from the center of the roll (left) and toss them across the floor as if you’re throwing a coiled rope. Next, walk along the length of cable, straightening it as you go (right). The electricians we talked to prefer this method because they can keep the cable contained in the plastic wrapper for easier handling and neater storage.

Pack Electrical Boxes Neatly

If you’ve done much wiring, we’re sure you’ve had times when you could barely push the switch or outlet into the box because there were so many wires. The solution is to arrange the wires neatly and then fold them carefully into the box. Here’s how to keep wires neat and compact: First, gather all the bare ground wires along with a long pigtail and connect them. Fold them into the back of the box, leaving the pigtail extended. Next, do the same for the neutral wires. If you’re connecting switches as shown here, you don’t need a neutral pigtail. Leave the hot wire extra long and fold it back and forth across the bottom of the electrical wire box. Put a wire connector cap on the hot wire to identify it. The neatly packed box makes it easy to identify the wires and leaves you plenty of room for the switches.

Remove Sheathing from Underground Feeder (UF) Cable

Underground feeder (UF) cable has a tough plastic sheathing that allows you to bury it directly in the ground without running it through a conduit (of course, it has to be buried deep enough to satisfy the electrical code). But that tough sheathing is also difficult to remove—unless you know this trick. Start by separating the black and white wires from the bare copper by grabbing each with pliers and twisting (top). They’re easy to tear apart once you get them started. Pull them apart until you have about a foot of separated wires. Next, remove the sheathing from the insulated wires by grabbing the end of the wire with one pliers and the sheathing with another pliers and working them apart. After you get the sheathing separated from the insulated wire at the top, just peel it off (bottom). Repeat the process to remove the sheathing from the black wire. Finally, cut off the loose sheathing with scissors or a knife.

No-Snag Fish Tape Connections

After going to all the trouble of working your fish tape to its destination, the last thing you want is to lose the cable or get your tape stuck on something inside the wall as you pull it back. Here’s how to avoid both problems. Start by stripping an 8-in. length of cable. Using a side cutters, cut off all but one wire. Cut at a steep angle to avoid a “shoulder” that could catch on something. Then bend the single wire around the loop on the end of the fish tape and wrap the whole works with electrical tape to form a smooth bundle. Now you can pull the wire without worrying that it might fall off, and the smooth lump won’t get snagged by or stuck on obstructions.

Check the Whole Wall Cavity With a Stud Finder

A decent stud finder is a must-have for every wire-fishing job, but don’t throw it back in your pouch after you’ve located the studs. Use your stud finder to check the whole wall cavity for obstacles like blocking and abandoned headers. You don’t want to find out the hard way that you should have fished your wire one stud cavity to the left or right.

All About Electrical Wiring Types, Sizes, and Installation

Electrical Disconnect Switches

An electrical disconnect switch provides a means to shut off the power to a home’s electrical system from an outdoor location. It is typically mounted below the electric meter, either on the side of a home or on the utility company’s power pole. Not all homes have a dedicated disconnect. They are commonly used when the service panel (which also serves as the main disconnect) is located indoors and therefore is not accessible to emergency responders or utility workers. Like electrical service panels, a disconnect must be installed by a licensed electrician.

Wiring an Electrical Circuit Breaker Panel

The electrical panel, or service panel, is the power distribution point of a home electrical system. This is where all of the individual circuits of the house get their power and where they are protected by breakers or fuses. Wiring an electrical panel is a job for a licensed electrician, but DIYers should have a basic understanding of how a panel works and the critical role that breakers play in any system.

Maximum Number of Wires Allowed in Conduit

When running individual electrical wires inside conduit, there is a limit to how many wires are allowed. The maximum allowable number is known as the “fill capacity,” and this depends on several factors, including the size of the conduit, the gauge of the wires, and the conduit material. Metal (EMT), plastic (PVC), and flexible conduit all have different fill capacities, even when they’re nominally the same size.

How to Strip Electrical Wire

Stripping electrical wire involves removing the plastic insulation surrounding the wire’s metal core. It’s important to do this carefully so there is no damage to the metal. The procedure is simple but requires a special wire stripping tool and an understanding of how to use it. This is a critical skill—and tool—for DIYers to have for any wiring project.

Direct Burial Cable

Standard electrical cable is designed to be run indoors, where it stays dry and is protected by wall, ceiling, or floor structures. For outdoor projects or when running wiring underground, you must use direct burial cable, which can be installed underground with or without conduit (depending on local building code rules). With direct burial cable, the individual conducting wires are embedded in solid vinyl to fully protect them from moisture.

Essential Tips for Safe Electrical Repairs

Box and Clamp It

The National Electrical Code (NEC) requires that all wiring connections be made in an appropriate enclosure. In most cases, this means an electrical box. Enclosures not only protect the connections—and protect people from accidental contact with those connections—they also provide means for securing conductors (like electrical cables) and devices.

Respect Grounding and Polarization

Grounding and polarization are essential for the safety of modern electrical systems. Grounding provides a safe path for stray electrical current caused by a fault or other problem in a circuit. Polarization ensures that electrical current travels from the source along “hot” wires and returns to the source along neutral wires.

Make Tight Wiring Connections

Electricity travels along conductors, such as wires and the metal contacts of outlets and sockets. Tight connections between conductors create smooth transitions from one conductor to another. But loose connections act like speed bumps, restricting the flow and creating friction and heat. Very loose connections can lead to arcing, in which electricity jumps through the air from one conductor to another, creating tremendous heat.

Check Amperage Ratings

All electrical wiring and devices have an amperage, or amp, rating. This is the maximum amount of electrical current they can safely carry. Most standard household circuits are rated for 15 amps or 20 amps, while large-appliance circuits (such as for electric dryers and ranges) may be rated for 30, 40, 50 amps, or even more.

Test for Power

The best way to prevent electrical shock is to ALWAYS test wires and devices for power before working on them or near them. Simply shutting off the power isn’t good enough.

Tips How To Handle The Wasps

These Are The Tips You Need If You Hate Wasps

Use Peppermint Oil

A 2013 study showed that peppermint essential oil had a repellent effect against yellow jackets and paper wasps.

You can take advantage of this effect by putting a few drops of peppermint oil on several cotton balls. Place the cotton balls around your patio, outdoor furniture, or wherever you spend time outside to keep wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets away.

Plant These Plants

There are certain plants that wasps don’t like to hang around, so adding these plants to your yard can help keep wasps at bay. Consider planting the following wasp-deterring plants around your yard.

Avoid Floral Scents

Avoid wearing bold floral scents when you’ll be spending time outside. This could include perfumes, body sprays, lotions, and other scented products. Floral scents can attract wasps, and no one wants to be a walking wasp magnet!

Make A Decoy Nest

Wasps are very territorial, so if they see a nest near your home, it may deter them from building a nest nearby. You can take advantage of their territorial nature by making a simple decoy wasp nest!

Move Hummingbird Feeders

Hummingbirds love hummingbird feeders, but wasps do too! If you have a hummingbird feeder in your backyard, you may want to move it to a secluded area or bring it inside when you or your guests will be spending time out there.

How to Find a Wasp’s Nest and What to Do Next

How do you know what kind of nest it is?

There are several features that will enable you to differentiate between the nests of different wasp species:

-If the wasps appear to be coming from a hole in the ground, on a building or in a tree, they are most likely yellow jackets. A single yellow jacket nest can contain as many as two thousand insects.

The average hornet’s nest will be round with a slightly pointed bottom, about the size of a football, and have fairly smooth “papery” walls with a single large opening.

A paper wasp’s nest will have large, hexagonal open combs and a “stalk” from which it hangs. Many have described the appearance of the nest as an “umbrella” due to the distinctive shape. Paper wasps are sometimes referred to as umbrella wasps because of this.

-If the nest you’re looking at is formed of yellow layers with tight hexagonal combs, and appears to be made from a waxy substance, you’re most likely looking at a honey bee hive. These are rarely aggressive and are a protected species that is important for the environment.

How to Find Wasp Nests

How to Destroy the Wasp Nest

  • Destroy – To destroy the wasp nests apply NO Wasps Eliminator to the entrance, particularly where the wasps land to walk into the nest entrance. The wasp picks the powder up on their feet and carry it into the nest.
  • Stay Safe – Although powder insecticides help keep wasps calm, for safety apply the powder late in the day when activity is low or has stopped.
  • Tip for Nests in Eaves – The new NO Wasps Eliminator adheres better to surfaces. However, although it puffs upwards well, it can still be difficult to get the powder to the nest entrance. A temporary ad hoc solution is to use the dip tube from a trigger sprayer e.g. NO Bugs Super 1L RTU or other trigger bottle typically found under a kitchen sink. Clean and dry it, and it will fit neatly into the aperture of the NO Wasps Eliminator puff bottle. Push the dip tube down to the level of the powder. The puffer will now puff the powder upwards easily and the nozzle can easily be inserted into the small holes and gaps that usually constitute the entrance to the nest.
wasp hive

What’s the best way to get wasps to go away?

Wasps are attracted to white, bright blue and yellow, but can’t see red, so plan your wardrobe accordingly.

Their vision is also optimised to look for the sudden, sharp movements of insects, so wildly flailing as you try to swat a wasp will just make it more determined.

Killing a wasp also releases pheromones that will attract other wasps nearby. Instead, calmly trap the wasp under a glass, so it can’t return to the nest and tell the others where to find your food.

A 2012 study tested the wasp-repelling properties of different essential oils and found that a mix of clove, geranium and lemongrass oil was the most effective, so try a dab behind each ear.

Getting Rid of Wasps and Hornets: 5 Crucial Facts You Should Know About Their Behavior and Life

Mind that the wasps can sting not only with the sting itself. These guys are so insolent and evil that they also use their mandibles, as well. They rip the victim’s skin as they would with teeth, and it hurts very, very much.

Vivid, artificial, sweet smells and alcoholare to wasps like a red rag is to a bull. They feel these odors miles away and are eager to taste those who carry them. Fragrances and colognes especially excite the yellow jackets. The worker waspsare also attracted by puddled water – get rid of leakages in the backyard.

Wasps go nuts in summer. They reproduce actively and protect their offspring. The hot weather impacts them greatly and these insects sting anything that moves and  – most importantly – smells nice.

It’s best to fight the wasps and the hornets in spring or in autumn. In autumn, yellow jackets lose their enthusiasm and aggression, become drowsy, and slowly retire. It’s extremely easy to access and destroy the hive at that time. By springtime, the queen will have spawned lots of defenders for herself and will be too busy building a nest. You’ll suffer throughout the whole summer if you don’t take your chance at that moment.

Most often the wasps settle in colonies. There could be thousands of these insects in the same nest. They all are subordinate to the queen, who is the head of the nest. The queen is the only member of the colony that survives the winter – that is proven by many scientists including Jeff Hahn, Laura Jesse and Patrick Liesch from the University of Minnesota. So killing all the workers, but leaving the queen alive means working in vain. Another disadvantage of such sociality is the ability of wasps and hornets to attack as a team. The smell of their congeners’ venom excites them and makes them join the attack on the victim.

Tips To Chooce A Good Divorce Lawyer

Family & Divorce Lawyer

Forty to fifty percent of all marriages in the United States end in divorce. In 1969, California was the first state to legalize no-fault divorce. In 2010, New York was the last of the fifty states to approve it.  No-fault divorce does not require any evidence of wrong-doing on the part of either spouse. Although divorce is a difficult emotional decision, in terms of the law, it can easily be granted under a no-fault divorce ruling.

Divorce in the United States is in accordance with state law rather than governed extensively by federal regulations. A divorce lawyer specializes in civil law. This field can be saturated with emotions and life-changing decisions. Therefore, a divorce lawyer must delicately yet justly handle a wide variety of family law issues from divorce, marriage annulment, and legal separation to child custody, child support and visitation rights. They are also called divorce attorneys or family practice lawyers.

A divorce can take three to twelve months to finalize. However, it depends on how the divorce is filed. It may be a fault or no-fault divorce, contested or uncontested divorce or simplified divorce. The many legal issues to settle and the amount of conflict to mediate influence the time frame.

  • Educational Requirements

There are no specific educational requirements for a divorce lawyer however, some courses are advised. Law school attendance and passing the bar examination is compulsory.  With an interest in divorce law, a law student may select courses in family law to help him specialize in child custody issues, family dysfunction and property rights. While pursuing a Juris Doctorate (J.D.), a law student can receive a certification in family law. In addition, certain law schools offer a Master of Law (LL.M) in Family Law which would follow the acquisition of a J.D..

  • Job Description & Skills Required

When terminating a marriage, many legal aspects must be addressed. A divorce lawyer is responsible for the division of assets and debt among spouses. If there are children involved, a divorce lawyer helps set the terms for child custody and child support. Thorough research is required in order to gather supporting evidence in each case. Detailed paperwork must be compiled and then submitted to the court documenting the evidence.  For legal separations, a divorce lawyer carries out the separation through court orders.

A divorce lawyer must excel in a few unique skills. They have to be an attentive listener because the decisions made in or out of court will greatly affect their client’s lives.  Although it may be difficult, it is vital a divorce lawyer remains non-judgmental to assist them in promoting their own client’s best interests. Their interpersonal skills must be strong because they are dealing with a variety of relationships in their profession. Advocacy, mediation and alternative dispute resolution skills should be acquired and mastered in law school as well as through continual work experience in the field.

The cheapest way to get a divorce with a child

The cheapest way to get a divorce with a child involves both you and your spouse to remain cordial, and be ready to compromise on several issues. Property division and child custody, which are the main battle fronts in most divorce proceedings.

To get a cheap divorce, you can start the process online and minimize the number of professional services you contract. In order to get the cheapest divorce possible, you must make sure that both you and your spouse are willing to work together and your divorce is uncontested.

Even if you plan on representing yourself, divorce can be expensive. However, there are ways to make it cheaper or even divorce with no money.

Here are some tips to go about it:

  1. Divorce fee waiver

Each state has an indigent fee waiver that allows you to file for your divorce without paying the filing costs. When you go into your local court, ask the court’s clerk what forms you need inorder to waive the fees. This option is only available and designed for those with limited finances while filing for divorce.

  • Getting divorce forms

You can get the divorce forms online from the local divorce court site or use a service like mydivorcepapers.com we highly recommend. You can also download the form for asking for a fee waiver. Some sites have instruction booklets that help users in filling the forms. If you can easily access the courthouse, then the clerk can help you with the forms and instructions for filling them.

  • Provide financial proof of indigence

Include proof of your income, debts, and tax returns to prove to the court that you cannot afford the court fees. You will then get the forms notarized by your bank or the court clerk.

Once the is done, the court will review your applications and once the fee waiver is approved or deferred, you can move forward with the case. You can simply file a settlement or make a court appearance together and tell the judge what you have agreed on. If the divorce is uncontested, then your ex-partner does not need to appear in court, this will be a quick process and much cheaper on both of you.

Here is a list of the 9 things you should never do during a divorce:

1. Don’t forget to consult an attorney.

A lawyer can make sure that you both review and understand anything before you sign or agree. An experienced family law attorney is often a good idea for situations where the divorcing couple has a large amount of assets, property or other complicated financial matters. In more contentious divorces, an attorney can make sure that your interests are represented in court. Even in a “friendly” divorce you are often better off hiring a lawyer to help file paperwork and guide you through the court system.

2. Don’t neglect your finances.

If you’re thinking about divorce, you need to immediately begin to set aside money for the all the expenses involved. Make copies of all your financial documents and legal records before your divorce proceedings begin. These documents should include bank and investment statements, wills, trusts, tax returns, property deeds, insurance policies and vehicle titles to name a few. Keep these copies in a secure location not accessible by your ex.

3. Don’t immediately tell everyone you are getting a divorce.

Emotions are running high, it’s perfectly normal to want to let others know what’s going on in your life. You may desperately want support, you may not want to suffer in silence, or you may just want to punish your partner and embarrass them. This doesn’t mean that you have to keep your a divorce secret from everyone, you just need to decide who you tell and why.4. Don’t use your children as pawns.

This should go without saying, but unfortunately, it still happens, even unintentionally. Check your own behavior and don’t use your kids to punish or manipulate your spouse. In the end, this will cause resentment and have a negative impact on the relationship you have with your children.

5. Don’t take divorce advice from family and friends.

It’s only natural that those close to you want to provide support during this time. Everyone wants to share their experiences, offer opinions and give advice. Your family and friends may have good intentions, but their divorce experience is based on the facts and circumstances that are unique to them and may not apply in your situation. Let these friends and relatives be there for you emotionally, but if they offer financial or legal advice about your divorce, politely say “No thank you.” Your future is too important.

6. Don’t do anything you’ll regret later.

While it is normal for you to feel conflicting emotions making the end of your relationship into a bad reality show is never a good idea. Act like everything you say, do, post, tweet, text or snap will immediately be posted on YouTube. Don’t take your negative emotions feelings out on your children, pets, or personal property. Don’t self-medicate with drugs and alcohol. Don’t rant or fight with your ex on social media. At best, these things could be used against you during the divorce proceedings, at worst you could land on the wrong side of the law or lose visitation rights.

7. Don’t jump into another relationship.

This is not the time to start a new romantic relationship. If you already have, consider putting it on hold. Even if you and your spouse no longer live together, in some states a relationship outside of marriage can become an issue during the divorce process. With all of the changes going on in your life, avoiding any type of romantic relationship is often the best thing to do for your emotionally.

8. Don’t focus so much on the little things that you forget what’s important.

In a contested divorce, you are likely to accumulate thousands of dollars in attorney’s fees because your lawyer must spend an enormous amount of time preparing the case and filing paperwork. You may be angry but remember the more you and your spouse argue over issues or items, the more you pay in attorney’s fees. Concentrate on what really matters, and focus on that. Leaving a decision up to a third party often means you end up not getting what you really want, and with a gigantic legal bill to boot.

9. Don’t put your friends in the middle.

Having a couple close to them end their marriage can bring up mixed emotions in your friends as well. They will often feel awkward and uncomfortable around you or your ex. Let them know that this is okay, and that you understand. It’s not fair to demand that your friends take sides. It’s up to your friends–not you–whether or not they will continue to stay friendly with your ex. Respect the choices that they make, even if you don’t agree with them.

Ten Things You MUST Do Before You File for Divorce

  1. Be Certain You Want to Get Divorced

While this may seem obvious, the decision to get divorced is an emotional one, and shouldn’t be made when you’re feeling overly emotional. Make sure you’ve exhausted all hope of reconciliation before you file for divorce. Once you’ve served your spouse with divorce papers, it can be difficult to go back on that decision, even if you’ve changed your mind. The court can grant a divorce even if only one spouse wants to end the marriage. If you’d still like to give marital counseling a try, do so before you file for divorce.

  • Interview Attorneys

It’s a good idea to interview more than one attorney before you decide to file for divorce. You’ll want to work with an attorney that fits your style, and understands your goals for litigation. Avoid lawyers who offer you solutions before listening to the particular facts of your case. Attorneys come at different price points and experience levels. If your divorce is likely to be messy or deals with specific types of assets, be sure your attorney is qualified to handle your particular case. For more information, see What to Look for in a Divorce Lawyer.

  • Gather Financial Documents

Divorce cases depend heavily on documentation. Your financial account records, phone records, mortgages, and car notes are all likely relevant to the divorce. To the extent possible, gather all the documents you’ll need for your case before filing for divorce. If you and your spouse have a shared file of paper records in your home, make copies of everything before meeting with your attorney. It’s also smart to obtain records of your shared online accounts. Not all spouses react well to being served with divorce papers, and some will make it difficult to access documents after you’ve filed. Save yourself potential future headaches by getting your hands on the documents ahead of time.

  • Determine Your Goals for Custody

If you have children, their custody situation is probably at the forefront of your mind when getting a divorce. You should know that, absent extreme circumstances, you and your spouse will end up sharing custody of the children. It’s a good idea to sit down and carefully review your work schedule, your children’s schedule, and your other obligations and come up with your desired schedule for custody. If you can come up with a arrangement that gives both you and your spouse time with the children, you’ll be leaps and bounds ahead of most people who file for divorce.

  • Make Necessary Purchases or Sales

In most jurisdictions, the judge automatically issues an order at the beginning of your divorce case that prohibits you or your spouse from selling, buying, or otherwise encumbering or disposing of any marital property. Courts do this to prevent either spouse from draining the bank accounts, or dissipating the marital estate out of spite.

If you’ve long been meaning to upgrade your car, or sell a rental property, you’ll be prevented from doing so if you file for divorce first. While it’s not appropriate to drain the bank accounts before filing for divorce (as that can come back to bite you), if you have a legitimate sale or purchase that’s been in the works, it’s best to complete it before filing for divorce.

  • Figure Out Your Living Situation

Do you want to stay in the same house with your spouse during the divorce? Do you plan to move elsewhere? Do you want your spouse to move out? Decide what your goals are for your living situation, both during and after the divorce. How you behave in the weeks and months leading up to your divorce can affect your chances of winning use of the marital residence during the divorce. For example, moving in with a relative or friend in the weeks leading up to your divorce won’t help your chances of staying in the residence during the divorce. Speak with your attorney about how to best position yourself for the living situation you desire. Click here to find out more about housing issues during divorce.

  • Talk to an Attorney About Joint Bank Accounts and Credit Cards

Depending on how you and your spouse handle your joint financial accounts and credit cards, your attorney may advise you to close the accounts or leave them the same. You don’t want to be in a situation where your spouse has the ability to run up bills in your name or drain the bank accounts – both circumstances may take the entire divorce to sort out. Your attorney can best advise you about whether you should divide the accounts in half, close them, or leave them the same before filing for divorce.

  • Don’t Live Like You’re Single

Even if your marriage is for all intents and purposes over, refrain from living the single life prior to filing for divorce. In most jurisdictions, even if you and your spouse are living separately, having a romantic relationship with another person is still considered adultery. Additionally, a judge may consider money you spend on a paramour dissipation of the marital estate, and could require you to reimburse your spouse for those expenditures. In any case, it typically doesn’t help your case to have started another relationship before your divorce has been filed. In some states you can begin a relationship after filing for divorce; speak with your attorney about how the court will view dating before your divorce is complete. See Divorce and Dating for more information.

  • Prepare a Marital Balance Sheet

You can’t decide your financial goals for your divorce without having an accurate picture of your assets and debts. While it’s not usually necessary to hire an accountant prior to filing for divorce, it’s a good idea to put together a simple balance sheet showing all of your assets and debts. Include real property, cars, retirement accounts, bank accounts and other assets, as well as any mortgages, notes, credit cards, and other debts. This can give you an idea of what you and your spouse will split, and you can start working on your desired division of the marital estate. Determining your total assets can also help you set a budget for how much to spend on your attorney and the divorce litigation.

One often overlooked aspect of divorce is the emotional toll it may take on you and your family. Just as important as hiring an attorney and obtaining relevant documents is surrounding yourself with people who can help you through this difficult time.

  1. Develop a Support Network

One often overlooked aspect of divorce is the emotional toll it may take on you and your family. Just as important as hiring an attorney and obtaining relevant documents is surrounding yourself with people who can help you through this difficult time. If you have the financial means, it can help to speak with a therapist or other mental health professional. At the very least, speak with friends who have been through divorce. Let your family and friends know that you’ll be leaning on them for advice and moral support. Being emotionally stable will better prepare you to make smart decisions as your divorce progresses.

Do You Need a Lawyer to Get a Divorce?

When it comes to divorces, most people want to get through them as quickly as possible. Since the majority of the states accept no fault divorces, you can quickly and easily get through the entire divorce process within a matter of hours or days, depending on your state’s requirements. However, just because you can get through a divorce quickly and without hiring a lawyer does not mean that you should. The answer to, “Do you need a lawyer to get a divorce?” depends primarily on your situation when you begin to seek the divorce.

Times When You May Not Need a Lawyer

A lawyer isn’t necessary for a divorce when you have no marital assets or children. Oftentimes, this comes up when you’re getting an annulment or when you’ve been married for only a short time. The quickest routes through divorce court involve relinquishing all of your rights for equitable support, as well as spousal support. If you don’t want these things, then you don’t need a lawyer. All you need are the forms, which you can generally obtain from your local courthouse or clerk’s office.

Times When You Do Need a Lawyer

Whenever children are involved, you will want to have a lawyer assist you with the agreement. In some states, the court may even provide legal assistance. All states have some variation on a “best interests of the child standard,” meaning that the primary focus in the divorce will be providing for the children. Your rights as a parent could be severely restricted, or you may find yourself in a difficult position. Whenever you have assets in the marriage to be divided or want spousal support, you will also want a lawyer. You should also get a lawyer if your spouse decides that she wants any of these things, since you could easily find yourself losing just about everything.

Using Flat Roof Make Your House Become Beautiful

Different Types of Flat Roof Material Options

01. Various Flat Roof Material Options

We love the flexibility of a flat roof for certain design limitations, but they have a bit of reputation for leaks and repairs.

Of course, flat roofs are not flat but have a very slight roof pitch of between 1/4″ to 1/2″ per foot. Just enough slope to drain water but also flat enough to be a problem if not constructed properly.

The good news is that there are material options for your flat roof beyond traditional hot-mopped built-up roofing that will increase the reliability of the flat roof.

Let’s review the most common categories of flat roof materials available for your home:

  • Single-layer membrane roof
  • Modified bitumen roof
  • Built-up roof (BUR)

Single Layer Membrane Roof

The membrane roof is the latest roofing technology and is also the roof of choice in commercial construction. Known technically as elastomeric or plastomeric roof membrane (depending on the material), single-ply roofs come in a few different varieties including:

  • Neoprene (polychloroprene)
  • EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer)
  • PVC (polyvinyl chloride)
  • Chlorinated polyethylene and chlorosulfonated polyethylene sheets
  • Polymer-modified bitumens

Of all these membrane types EPDM, synthetic rubber is the most common single-ply membrane roof material in both residential and commercial use. So all you need to be able to say to your roof contractor is you want an EPDM rubber roof.

These roofs are installed as thin sheet materials 0.030 (30 mils) to 0.060 inches (60 mils) thick and are applied to the roof in a single layer. Being made of synthetic rubber or polymer, they are flexible and elastic and can handle temperature changes and some impact types better than built-up roofs.

Membrane roofs are attached in a variety of ways. They can be partially loose laid and held down with river rock ballast (requires roof structure to support the weight) or fully adhered to the roof deck. EPDM and Neoprene roof seams are fastened by adhesive and PVC roof seams are heat or solvent welded.

02. Modified Bitumen Roofing

Modified bitumen cap sheet roofing was developed in the 1960s as a replacement technology for BUR, or built-up roofing, by using the proven technology of BUR but also adding polymer reinforced roof wear layers or cap sheets.

These roofs can be installed using any number of techniques which are determined by the project’s specific requirements and material specified. These installation methods include:

  • Hot applied
  • Torch applied
  • Cold applied
  • Self-adhered

The polymer used in the cap sheet provides improved elasticity and flexibility in lower temperatures. The most commonly used polymers are atactic polypropylene (APP) and styrene butadiene styrene (SBS). SBS imparts a rubber-like characteristic to the bitumen.

SBS cap sheets are usually installed using cold adhesives or hot asphalt tar. Thermoplastic APP sheets, on the other hand, are installed using the torch applied method.

03. Built Up Roofing

Going back about 120 years, the grandfather of flat roofs is the built-up roof or BUR. Built-up roofs have solved the low pitch roof problem for ages, a challenge that asphalt shingles could never handle.

Built-up roofs are installed using several layers of a special type of roofing felt that has been asphalt impregnated and embedded in bitumen applied with a hot mop.

The hot-applied asphalt or coal tar pitch blends with the bitumen soaked roof felt and creates a monolithic roof membrane. The roof felt/asphalt tar layering is repeated in overlapping layers until the assembly is two to fours plies in thickness.

A wear surface of finely crushed stone granules is usually applied to the top layer of hot tar to protect the built-up roof assembly from UV light and weather.

Why Do Flat Roofs Exist?

Before we get into comparisons of different flat roofing materials, it’s important to know why they exist in the first place since they’re seemingly such a hassle and an almost-immanent leak threat.

There are two main reasons behind why a contractor would call for a flat roof:

 1 aesthetics

 2 convenience.

For example, when you’re adding on to a home (building an addition) with something like a three-seasons room, a flat roof simply looks nicer. Homes with unblended roof pitches can be an awkward eyesore.

In commercial buildings, flat roofs, outright, offer a more convenient place to install outdoor HVAC units rather than putting them in high-traffic ground areas.

Of course, any roof’s main job is to create a barrier of protection between the building below and the atmosphere above. Therein lies the conundrum associated with flat roofing. For all the aesthetics and convenience, the design doesn’t do a lot to avoid snow and water buildup.

To be fair, flat roofs aren’t completely ‘bubble-level’ flat. They work in much the same way as a gutter system, angled slightly or pitched a couple of degrees, so that water can flow into a downspout. Even so, flat roofing materials need to be able to absorb the brunt of the weather and to withstand ponding water or snow and ice until it melts.

4 Best Flat Roof Materials

  1. PVC Roofing

For many projects, PVC roofing is our preferred choice as the best flat roof material on the market. PVC roofing is somewhat more expensive than other single-ply commercial roofing materials, however it offers a wide range of benefits for the price. First, the reinforced membrane makes PVC roofs resistant to impact damage and the cracking which normally shortens the lifespan of single-ply roofs. PVC roofing is one of the best flat roof materials because it is low maintenance with a long lifespan. At J. Smucker Contracting, we offer a 20-year warranty on new PVC roofing we install. In addition, just like TPO roofing, PVC is a reflective white color which is useful as it dramatically lowers the business’s energy bills.

  • Metal Roofing

A commercial standing seam metal roof is the ideal choice for a building with a roof slope greater than 2 inches. Metal is different from most other commercial roofing material types for a few reasons. Due to the expert installation process and the nature of the material, metal is the most expensive roof type to have installed. However, metal roofing has the longest lifespan, lasting between 20 and 30 years. Metal is an extremely durable material and is immune to cracks that affect single-ply roofs. However, metal roofs can be susceptible to leaks around the seams and roof edges.

  • TPO

This very popular roof type is also among the best flat roof materials to install. Not only is a TPO roof an inexpensive option, it has a decent lifespan between 10 and 20 years. In addition, these white-coat roofs have all of the same energy saving properties as PVC roofs. Plus, they require less maintenance than EPDM roofs, as the seams are heat welded to prevent leaks.

  • Modified Bitumen Roof

When compared to other commercial roofing materials, modified bitumen stands out as the more-budget friendly option. Modified bitumen roofs use an asphalt membrane as the base of the roof itself. This surface is susceptible to cracking and blistering which reduces the typical lifespan to just 10 to 15 years. While the lifespan is less than the more advanced options, the price point alone can make modified bitumen one of the best flat roof materials for some businesses.

Why Are Flat Roofs Less Common For Houses?

Also known as low slope roofs, flat roofs are less common in North American residential construction because the low slope of a flat roof has an increased tendency to collect water rather than shed, like its more steeply pitched alternative. This may make it less ideal for rainy or snowy climates.

Keep in mind, all flat roofs have a slope of between five and 15 degrees to allow water to flow into drain systems (such as eaves, drainage holes or outlets).

  • Flat Roof Drain Types

So, even though flat roofs are ideal for drier landscapes, in climates with heavy precipitation, a properly installed flat roof can be a fine choice for a homeowner – especially thanks to ever-improving waterproof materials and installation techniques.

  • It looks good

Flat roofs are an attractive aesthetic choice that give homes a unique form. If you love the landscape or cityscape around your home, a flat roof can help complement that without obscuring the view.

  • Flat Roof Space Is Usable Space

Unlike a steeply pitched roof, most of the square footage of a flat roof is available for use. This offers the option to add a unique application such as a rooftop patio, garden or green roof. Solar panels also are popular among homeowners and are much easier to install – and hide from view – on a flat roof.

Any of these applications will require certain design considerations (such as adding guardrails and other safety protections and/or using more heavy duty materials to handle roof traffic and weight). Special permits may be required from the local building authority, but these efforts may result in an entirely new feature to enjoy on your home.

  • It Performs And Protects Well

Flat roofs are a cost-effective option for homes – thanks to generations of use in commercial flat roof construction, modern materials and application techniques – as viable, protective and long-lasting alternatives to pitched roof counterparts.

By choosing the proper materials, hiring an experienced professional to build and install the flat roof, and committing to regular inspection and maintenance, homeowners may count on many years of reliable performance when selecting a flat roof solution.

When are Flat Roofs Used?

Flat roofs are often used on structures that are not a standard part of the living area. For example, extensions and garages feature flat roofs, as do outdoor living spaces that have been built in the garden.

One of the main reasons is that flat roofs, which generally feature a pitch of 10° and under, are not as thermally efficient as pitched roofs. This makes them ideal for dry, warmer environments where heat retention is a lot lower.

Planning restrictions in some towns will require flat roofing to be installed. For example, if the use of a pitched roof is deemed to be too high as it may obscure the view of surrounding residents and possibly block out light, a flat roof is likely to be the recommended alternative.

A flat roof is usually the preferred choice for extensions likely to be positioned nearby to an existing structure. There are also instances where a new flat roof is installed to replace an outdated roof system. This is often the case with corrugated tin roofs which are no longer allowed under current UK building regulations.